Relative resistance to slow inactivation of human cardiac Na+ channel hNav1.5 is reversed by lysine or glutamine substitution at V930 in D2-S6

Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2007 Dec;293(6):C1895-905. doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.00377.2007. Epub 2007 Oct 10.

Abstract

Transmembrane segment 6 is implicated in slow inactivation (SI) of voltage-gated Na(+) channels (Na(v)s). To further study its role and understand differences between SI phenotypes of different Na(v) isoforms, we analyzed several domain 2-segment 6 (D2-S6) mutants of the human cardiac hNa(v)1.5, which is relatively resistant to SI. Mutants were examined by transient HEK cell transfection and patch-clamp recording of whole cell Na(+) currents. Substitutions with lysine (K) included N927K, V930K, and L931K. We show recovery from short (100 ms) depolarization to 0 mV in N927K and L931K is comparable to wild type, whereas recovery in V930K is delayed and biexponential, suggesting rapid entry into a slow-inactivated state. SI protocols confirm enhanced SI phenotype (rapid development, hyperpolarized steady state, slowed recovery) for V930K, contrasting with the resistant phenotype of wild-type hNa(v)1.5. This enhancement, not found in N927K or L931K, suggests that the effect in V930K is site specific. Glutamine (Q) substituted at V930 also exhibits an enhanced SI phenotype similar to that of V930K. Therefore, K or Q substitution eliminates hNa(v)1.5 resistance to SI. Alanine (A) or cysteine (C) substitution at V930 shows no enhancement of SI, and in fact, V930A and V930C, as well as L931K, exhibit a resistance to SI, demonstrating that characteristics of specific amino acids (e.g., size, hydrophobicity) differentially affect SI gating. Thus V930 in D2-S6 appears to be an important structural determinant of SI gating in hNa(v)1.5. We suggest that conformational change involving D2-S6 is a critical component of SI in Na(v)s, which may be differentially regulated between isoforms by other isoform-specific determinants of SI phenotype.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Action Potentials / physiology*
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Amino Acid Substitution*
  • Cell Line
  • Glutamine
  • Humans
  • Lysine
  • Muscle Proteins / chemistry
  • Muscle Proteins / metabolism*
  • Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
  • NAV1.5 Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel
  • Phenotype
  • Protein Conformation
  • Sodium Channels / chemistry
  • Sodium Channels / metabolism*

Substances

  • Muscle Proteins
  • NAV1.5 Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel
  • SCN5A protein, human
  • Sodium Channels
  • Glutamine
  • Lysine