Evidence for an excitonic insulator phase in 1T-TiSe2

Phys Rev Lett. 2007 Oct 5;99(14):146403. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.146403. Epub 2007 Oct 4.


We present a new high-resolution angle-resolved photoemission study of 1T-TiSe2 in both its room-temperature, normal phase and its low-temperature, charge-density wave phase. At low temperature the photoemission spectra are strongly modified, with large band renormalizations at high-symmetry points of the Brillouin zone and a very large transfer of spectral weight to backfolded bands. A calculation of the theoretical spectral function for an excitonic insulator phase reproduces the experimental features with very good agreement. This gives strong evidence in favor of the excitonic insulator scenario as a driving force for the charge-density wave transition in 1T-TiSe2.