Improved model building and assessment of the Calcium-sensing receptor transmembrane domain

Proteins. 2008 Apr;71(1):215-26. doi: 10.1002/prot.21685.


A three-dimensional model of the human Calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) seven transmembrane domain was built via a novel sequence alignment method based on the conserved contacts in proteins using the crystal structure of bovine rhodopsin as the template. This model was tested by docking NPS 2143, the first identified allosteric antagonist of CaSR. In our model, Glu837 plays a critical role in anchoring the protonated nitrogen atom and hydroxy oxygen atom of NPS 2143. The phenyl moiety of the ligand contacts residues Phe668, Pro672, and Ile841. The naphthalene moiety is surrounded by several hydrophobic residues, including Phe684, Phe688, and Phe821. Our model appears to be consistent with all six residues that have been demonstrated to be critical for NPS 2143 binding, in contrast with existing homology models based on traditional sequence alignment of CaSR to rhodopsin. This provides validation of our sequence alignment method and the use of the rhodopsin backbone as the initial structure in homology modeling of other G protein-coupled receptors that are not members of the rhodopsin family.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acids
  • Animals
  • Binding Sites
  • Cattle
  • Humans
  • Membrane Proteins / chemistry
  • Models, Molecular*
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Receptors, Calcium-Sensing / chemistry*
  • Rhodopsin
  • Sequence Alignment


  • Amino Acids
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Receptors, Calcium-Sensing
  • Rhodopsin