Background: Geriatric depression preferentially afflicts individuals with chronic medical illnesses. Disability, hopelessness, lack of acceptance of antidepressant treatment, and limited problem-solving skills contribute to poor treatment adherence, compromised outcomes, and chronically experienced adversity.
Methods: This paper uses depression comorbid with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) as a model entity to develop an approach for integrating treatment components essential for improving treatment adherence and outcomes.
Results: The behavioral inertia of depression and its coexisting cognitive problems reduce adherence to the sustained and complex demands of the COPD rehabilitation regimen and antidepressant treatment. An intervention identifying reasons for poor treatment adherence and offering direct instructions for addressing them can be combined with problem-solving therapy to target treatment adherence, depressive symptoms, and disability.
Conclusions: An intervention focusing on treatment adherence and problem-solving skills development may serve as the platform for administering specific treatments to address the interacting problems of depressed medically ill patients.