Prevalence of depression among U.S. adults with diabetes: findings from the 2006 behavioral risk factor surveillance system

Diabetes Care. 2008 Jan;31(1):105-7. doi: 10.2337/dc07-1154. Epub 2007 Oct 12.


Objective: To estimate the prevalence rate of depression among adults with diabetes using a large population-based sample in the U.S.

Research design and methods: Data from the 2006 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a standardized telephone survey among U.S. adults aged >or=18 years, were analyzed (n = 18,814). The Patient Health Questionnaire diagnostic algorithm was used to identify major depression.

Results: The age-adjusted prevalence rate of major depression was 8.3% (95% CI 7.3-9.3), ranging from a low of 2.0% in Connecticut to a high of 28.8% in Alaska. There were 25-fold differences in the rate among racial/ethnic subgroups (lowest, 1.1% among Asians; highest, 27.8% among American Indians/Alaska Natives). People with type 2 diabetes who were currently using insulin had a higher rate than people with type 1 diabetes (P = 0.0009) and those with type 2 diabetes who were currently not using insulin (P = 0.01).

Conclusions: Major depression was highly prevalent among people with diabetes; the prevalence rate varied greatly by demographic characteristics and diabetes types.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Continental Population Groups / statistics & numerical data*
  • Depressive Disorder / epidemiology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus / psychology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / psychology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / psychology
  • Ethnic Groups / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Risk-Taking
  • Telephone
  • United States