Application of the ICF in voice disorders

Semin Speech Lang. 2007 Nov;28(4):343-50. doi: 10.1055/s-2007-986531.


The aim of this article is to describe how the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) can be adapted to describe the consequences of voice disorders. It first describes voice disorders under the four key components of the ICF: Body Functions, Body Structures, Activities and Participation, and Contextual (Environmental and Personal) Factors. It then describes the assessment and treatment tools for voice disorders using the ICF framework. Finally, a case example illustrating how the ICF frames the rehabilitation of an individual with voice disorders is presented.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living / classification*
  • Adult
  • Communication Disorders / classification*
  • Communication Disorders / diagnosis
  • Communication Disorders / rehabilitation
  • Disability Evaluation*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care
  • Patient Care Team
  • Rehabilitation, Vocational
  • Social Behavior
  • Social Environment
  • Social Support
  • Voice Disorders / classification*
  • Voice Disorders / diagnosis
  • Voice Disorders / rehabilitation
  • Voice Quality
  • World Health Organization