Actin microfilaments are highly organized and essential intracellular components of organelle movement and cell morphogenesis in plants. The organization of these microfilaments undergoes dynamic changes during cell division, elongation, and differentiation. Recent live-cell imaging of plant actin microfilaments has revealed their native organization and remarkable dynamics. In addition, characterization of plant actin side-binding proteins has progressed rapidly by genetic, biochemical, and bioinformatic approaches. The gathering and integration of microscopy-based information from actin microfilament dynamics and the molecular identification of actin side-binding proteins have provided considerable insights into actin microfilament-dependent events and actin microfilament organization in plants.