Blunt gastric injuries

Am Surg. 2007 Sep;73(9):880-3.


Gastric rupture after blunt abdominal trauma is a rare injury with few reports in the literature. The purpose of this study was to review our experience with blunt gastric injuries and compare outcomes with small bowel or colon injuries. All patients with hollow viscus perforations after blunt abdominal trauma from 1992 to 2005 at our level I trauma center were reviewed. Of 35,033 blunt trauma admissions, there were 268 (0.7%) patients with a total of 319 perforating hollow viscus injuries, 25 (0.07%) of which were blunt gastric injuries. When compared with the small bowel or colon injuries, the blunt gastric injury group had a higher Injury Severity Score (22 versus 17, P = 0.04), more patients with a chest Abbreviated Injury Score greater than 2 (36% versus 12%, P < 0.01), and a shorter interval from injury to laparotomy (221 versus 366 minutes, P = 0.017). Multivariate analysis identified five independent risk factors for mortality: age older than 55 years, head Abbreviated Injury Score greater than 2, chest Abbreviated Injury Score greater than 2, the presence of hypotension on admission, and Glasgow Coma Scale 8 or less. The results of this study suggest that mortality in patients with blunt hollow viscus injuries can be attributed to concurrent head and chest injuries, but not the specific hollow viscus organ that is injured.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Colon / injuries
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Injury Severity Score
  • Intestine, Small / injuries
  • Logistic Models
  • Los Angeles / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Registries
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Stomach / injuries*
  • Wounds, Nonpenetrating / epidemiology*
  • Wounds, Nonpenetrating / surgery