Hereditary factor VII deficiency in the Alaskan Klee Kai dog

J Vet Intern Med. 2007 Sep-Oct;21(5):976-81. doi: 10.1892/0891-6640(2007)21[976:hfvdit];2.


Background: Hereditary factor VII (FVII) deficiency is characterized as a mild bleeding disorder in Beagles, caused by a missense mutation in exon 5 of the FVII gene. An Alaskan Klee Kai dog with severe bleeding after trauma was diagnosed with FVII deficiency based on coagulation testing. Molecular analyses were undertaken to identify the genetic basis of the defect in this breed.

Hypothesis: FVII deficiency in Alaskan Klee Kai dogs is caused by a mutation in the FVII gene.

Animals: Eighteen client-owned Alaskan Klee Kai.

Methods: Coagulation screening tests and factor assays were performed to characterize the coagulopathy. All coding regions of the propositus' FVII gene were sequenced. Amplification of exon 5, sequencing, and Mnl I restriction digest experiments were performed to screen for a point mutation in the remaining 17 dogs.

Results: FVII deficiency was diagnosed in 6 dogs with a median FVII activity (FVII: C) of 5% (reference range, 50 150%). All FVII-deficient Alaskan Klee Kai were homozygous for the same mutation as FVII-deficient Beagles (ie, a G to A transition), resulting in substitution of glycine 96 by glutamic acid. An overlap in the FVII: C values obtained from heterozygote and wild-type dogs precluded accurate detection of carriers without genetic screening.

Conclusions and clinical importance: FVII deficiency may be associated with a bleeding tendency and should be considered in Alaskan Klee Kai dogs with prolonged prothrombin times. Plasma FVII: C accurately identifies affected dogs, but deoxyribonucleic acid testing is required for identification of carriers.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Blood Coagulation Disorders, Inherited / genetics
  • Blood Coagulation Disorders, Inherited / pathology
  • Blood Coagulation Disorders, Inherited / veterinary*
  • DNA / chemistry
  • DNA / genetics
  • Dog Diseases / blood
  • Dog Diseases / genetics*
  • Dog Diseases / pathology
  • Dogs
  • Factor VII / genetics*
  • Factor VII Deficiency / genetics
  • Factor VII Deficiency / pathology
  • Factor VII Deficiency / veterinary*
  • Female
  • Genotype
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation, Missense / genetics
  • Partial Thromboplastin Time / veterinary
  • Pedigree
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction / veterinary
  • Prothrombin Time / veterinary
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA


  • Factor VII
  • DNA