New targets for non-small-cell lung cancer therapy

Expert Rev Anticancer Ther. 2007 Oct;7(10):1423-37. doi: 10.1586/14737140.7.10.1423.

Abstract

Lung cancer remains the leading cause of malignancy-related deaths in the USA, regardless of advances in therapeutic agents. Non-small-cell lung cancer demonstrates great molecular heterogeneity in which several pathways are simultaneously active leading to tumorigenesis. Novel agents targeting specific pathways associated with apoptosis, cell proliferation, angiogenesis and other mechanisms have emerged as a separate and unique therapeutic class delivering promising results in a vast number of malignancies. This innovative class of agents has been studied in advanced-stage non-small-cell lung cancer and, although some agents have demonstrated a clinical benefit, the overall course of the disease remains relatively unchanged, still holding a poor overall prognosis. Most of these agents have been shown to be 'cytostatic', inducing more stable disease rather than objective responses. Thus, the entrance of these novel agents into our drug armamentarium seems to be more attractive in combination with conventional chemotherapy agents based on additive or synergistic response seen with this combined approach. Herein, we review the most relevant clinical data using these novel targeted agents either alone or in combination with chemotherapy in non-small-cell lung cancer.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / pharmacology
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use
  • Antineoplastic Agents / classification
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Apoptosis / drug effects
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / drug therapy*
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / epidemiology
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / metabolism
  • Cell Division / drug effects
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / drug effects
  • Clinical Trials as Topic / statistics & numerical data
  • Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Drug Delivery Systems*
  • Drug Design
  • Drugs, Investigational / pharmacology*
  • Drugs, Investigational / therapeutic use
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Lung Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Lung Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Male
  • Neoplasm Proteins / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Neoplasm Proteins / immunology
  • Neoplasm Proteins / physiology
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / drug therapy
  • Protease Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Protease Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors / therapeutic use

Substances

  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors
  • Drugs, Investigational
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Protease Inhibitors
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors