Cardiopulmonary and skeletal muscle effects of combined aerobic and resistance training vs. aerobic training were studied in men with coronary heart disease. Sixteen men with coronary heart disease underwent a cardiopulmonary exercise testing and a quadriceps skeletal muscle fatigue assessment. Patients were divided into two groups and trained in a combined aerobic and resistance or aerobic training group during 7 weeks. Maximal voluntary contraction and isometric endurance time were measured with electromyographic signals recorded from vastus lateralis (VL), rectus femoris (RF) and vastus medialis (VM) during isometric endurance time. Exercise tolerance increased only in the combined group (p<0.05). Maximal voluntary contraction and isometric endurance time did not change after training in either group but was performed at 5.8% higher force output for the combined group. After training, median frequency values were higher for the VL and VM (p<0.001) in the aerobic group and also higher for the VL, RF (p<0.001) and VM (p<0.05) in the combined group. Combined aerobic and resistance training was more effective to improve exercise tolerance, decrease skeletal muscle fatigue and correct neuromuscular alterations in men with coronary heart disease.