Estimating neuromuscular stimulation within the human torso with Taser stimulus

Phys Med Biol. 2007 Nov 7;52(21):6401-11. doi: 10.1088/0031-9155/52/21/004. Epub 2007 Oct 11.


Designers of electromuscular incapacitation devices need to know efficacy. Which areas of nerve and muscle are stimulated and are these areas adequate to cause incapacitation? This paper focuses on efficacy, which used a torso-sized finite element model with a mesh of about 5 mm. To estimate the neuromuscular regions stimulated by the Taser X26, calculations of electric current density and field strength values with 1 A inserted into the torso using the Utah 3D mesh were made. Field-times-duration values for given Taser stimulation were calculated. Then the region where the motor nerve was stimulated by the Taser was estimated by using a field-times-duration threshold from Reilly (1998 'Applied Bioelectricity: From Electrical Stimulation to Electropathology ' (New York: Springer)). Neuromuscular stimulation occurred up to about 19 cm away from the darts and included the spinal cord. The current density at the heart for dart separation less than 10 cm was smaller than for larger dart separation. Users of finite element computer models will find information for torso models and their creation, meshing and operation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Computer Simulation
  • Electric Conductivity
  • Electric Stimulation / instrumentation*
  • Electricity
  • Electrophysiology
  • Equipment Safety / methods
  • Finite Element Analysis
  • Humans
  • Models, Anatomic
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Muscles / pathology*
  • Musculoskeletal System / pathology*
  • Software
  • Spinal Cord / pathology