Monoclonal antibodies directed against the envelope glycoproteins of La Crosse virus

Microb Pathog. 1991 Dec;11(6):411-21. doi: 10.1016/0882-4010(91)90037-b.


Neutralizing monoclonal antibodies directed against the envelope glycoproteins of La Crosse virus (LACV) were prepared. Two antibodies immunoprecipitated the 120 kDa virus attachment protein for vertebrate cells, G1, while five immunoprecipitated the 35 kDa G2 protein, whose function is currently unknown. Two monoclonal antibodies were obtained that specifically precipitated both G1 and G2 from [35S]cysteine labeled LACV infected cell lysates. The G2 specific monoclonal antibodies had high neutralizing titers when assayed in mosquito cells but limited ability to neutralize virus in mammalian cells. The G1/G2 specific antibodies neutralized virus infectivity in both vertebrate and invertebrate cells at high titers. These results suggest that G2 is involved in the interaction of virus with mosquito cells and that G1 and G2 may share a common structural epitope relevant to their role as attachment proteins in vertebrate and mosquito cells. Monoclonal antibodies directed against G2 or G1/G2 have not previously been reported and should be useful tools for characterizing the biological functions of these molecules in the divergent micro-environments of vertebrate and invertebrate hosts.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology*
  • Antibodies, Viral / immunology*
  • Encephalitis Virus, California / immunology*
  • Glycoproteins / immunology*
  • Precipitin Tests
  • Viral Envelope Proteins / immunology*


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antibodies, Viral
  • Glycoproteins
  • Viral Envelope Proteins