Diagnostic performance of three-dimensional ultrasound extended imaging at scrotal mass lesions

Int J Urol. 2007 Nov;14(11):1025-33. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-2042.2007.01881.x.


Objectives: High resolution two-dimensional ultrasound (2D US) difficulty in evaluation of some scrotal mass lesions is not frequent. The aim of the present study was to prospectively evaluate the diagnostic performance of three-dimensional ultrasound extended imaging (3D XI) in characterization of those lesions.

Methods: The study protocol had the approval of the University's review board all participants' informed consents were obtained. The study included 28 selected patients (12 testicular and 16 para-testicular mass lesions) examined by 2D US and 3D XI applications including computed multi-slice view (MSV) and multi-resolution enhanced images (XI MR). Results were correlated with histopathological findings.

Results: Two-dimensional ultrasound did not adequately characterize 28 patients out of 329 (8.5%). 3D XI interrogation was an easy procedure and distinctive of the pathological findings in 27 patients out of 28 (96.4%). The performance of XI MR with respect to characterization provided additional diagnostic information over MSV.

Conclusions: The performance of 3D XI with respect to testicular mass characterization proved better than static 2D US. Subsequently, the results of this study suggest that the routine use of 2D US in diagnosis of scrotal mass lesions should preferably be upgraded to 3D XI methods.

MeSH terms

  • Adenomatoid Tumor / diagnosis
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Carcinoma, Embryonal / diagnosis
  • Genital Diseases, Male / diagnosis*
  • Hemangioma / diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional*
  • Liposarcoma / diagnosis
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Scrotum / diagnostic imaging*
  • Ultrasonography