Male to female gender reassignment: modified surgical technique for creating the neoclitoris and mons veneris

J Sex Med. 2008 Jan;5(1):210-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1743-6109.2007.00632.x. Epub 2007 Oct 23.


Introduction: The principal goal of surgical techniques for male to female gender reassignment is to provide aesthetic and functional external female genitalia.

Aim: To present a new surgical technique which permits a safer and faster construction of the neoclitoris and the configuration of a natural-looking mons veneris.

Main outcome measures: The neoclitoris sensitivity was reported by the patients themselves and checked during the follow-up medical examination. In order to define the degree of the patients' satisfaction with the mons veneris appearance, we used a simple questionnaire.

Methods: From April 2004 to February 2007, 26 patients underwent male to female sex reassignment surgery. The new technique was applied in the last 15 cases. A strip of albuginea, with the penile dorsal neurovascular bundle and a little portion of glans, was prepared, bended on itself, and fixed in the suprapubic area in order to create the mons veneris and the neoclitoris.

Results: This technique was easy to perform, permitting the safe preservation of the penile dorsal neurovascular bundle and a reduction in the operation time of 30-45 minutes. No major complications occurred in this series. Neoclitoris trophism and sensitivity were preserved in all patients. At follow-up, ranging from 3 to 20 months, the genital appearance was satisfactory, and the neoclitoris was pleasantly sensitive after a short period of hypersensitivity. Moreover, seven patients reported some form of climax during intercourse. The technical outcome was successful in all cases. The patients' satisfaction was extremely high for the neoclitoris sensitivity (present in all patients) and high in 11 out of 15 for the appearance of the mons veneris.

Conclusions: The neoclitoris and mons veneris configuration with a strip of albuginea is a new, safe, and time-saving surgical procedure. The cosmetic appearance and function of transsexual female external genitalia appears to be improved by using this technique.

MeSH terms

  • Adipose Tissue / surgery
  • Adult
  • Clitoris / innervation*
  • Clitoris / surgery*
  • Dermatologic Surgical Procedures*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Italy
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Orgasm
  • Patient Satisfaction*
  • Plastic Surgery Procedures
  • Surgical Flaps*
  • Transsexualism / surgery*
  • Treatment Outcome