Self-renewing Osteoprogenitors in Bone Marrow Sinusoids Can Organize a Hematopoietic Microenvironment

Cell. 2007 Oct 19;131(2):324-36. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2007.08.025.

Abstract

The identity of cells that establish the hematopoietic microenvironment (HME) in human bone marrow (BM), and of clonogenic skeletal progenitors found in BM stroma, has long remained elusive. We show that MCAM/CD146-expressing, subendothelial cells in human BM stroma are capable of transferring, upon transplantation, the HME to heterotopic sites, coincident with the establishment of identical subendothelial cells within a miniature bone organ. Establishment of subendothelial stromal cells in developing heterotopic BM in vivo occurs via specific, dynamic interactions with developing sinusoids. Subendothelial stromal cells residing on the sinusoidal wall are major producers of Angiopoietin-1 (a pivotal molecule of the HSC "niche" involved in vascular remodeling). Our data reveal the functional relationships between establishment of the HME in vivo, establishment of skeletal progenitors in BM sinusoids, and angiogenesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Angiopoietin-1 / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Bone Marrow / blood supply*
  • Bone and Bones / cytology*
  • Bone and Bones / metabolism
  • CD146 Antigen / metabolism
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Endothelial Cells / cytology
  • Endothelial Cells / metabolism
  • Hematopoiesis
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells / cytology*
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation
  • Mesenchymal Stem Cells / cytology*
  • Mesenchymal Stem Cells / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Stromal Cells / cytology
  • Stromal Cells / metabolism

Substances

  • Angiopoietin-1
  • CD146 Antigen
  • MCAM protein, human