Assessment of temporomandibular and cervical spine disorders in tinnitus patients

Prog Brain Res. 2007;166:215-9. doi: 10.1016/S0079-6123(07)66019-1.


In treating patients with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction it was noticed that tinnitus and vertigo were common in such patients and there was also muscular tension in jaw and neck. During treatment of these patients it was also noted that injection of lidocaine in a jaw muscle (m. pt. lat.) reduced not only their muscular problems but also that the tinnitus was reduced while the local anesthetic was active. Evaluation of 39 patients with disabling tinnitus, and all suffered from tinnitus, revealed that 10 of them had bilateral tinnitus and TMJ disorders revealed that pain in the face, temples or jaw occurred often among these patients. Many of such patients had also symptoms of cervical spine disorders, head, neck and shoulder pain, and limitations in side bending and rotation were also frequent complaints. One-third of these patients could influence tinnitus by jaw movements and 75% could trigger vertigo by head or neck movements. Treatment of jaw and neck disorders in 24 patients with Ménière's disease had a beneficial effect on not only their episodic vertigo but also on their tinnitus and aural fullness. At the 3-year follow-up, intensity of all symptoms were significantly reduced (p<0.001).

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cervical Vertebrae
  • Humans
  • Neck Pain / complications*
  • Neck Pain / diagnosis*
  • Neck Pain / therapy
  • Temporomandibular Joint Disorders / complications*
  • Temporomandibular Joint Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Temporomandibular Joint Disorders / therapy
  • Tinnitus / complications*
  • Tinnitus / therapy