Diet and survival after prostate cancer diagnosis

Nutr Rev. 2007 Sep;65(9):391-403. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2007.tb00317.x.


Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed non-skin cancer in men in the United States. Among environmental factors, diet may play a particularly important role in its incidence, progression, and clinical outcome. This article reviews the findings of eight observational studies and 17 intervention or laboratory trials on the effect of plant-based diets and plant nutrients on both the progression and clinical outcome of prostate cancer as well as additional studies examining mechanisms that may explain dietary effects. While additional long-term therapeutic clinical trials are needed to further elucidate the role of diet, these early investigations suggest that a recommendation for individual patients to shift their diets toward plant foods may serve as an important component of the tertiary treatment of prostate cancer.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Diet, Vegetarian*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Plants, Edible
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / diet therapy*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / mortality
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Survival Analysis
  • United States