A series of phosphorylated test peptides was studied by electron capture dissociation Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (ECD FT-ICR MS). The extensive ECD-induced fragmentation made identification of phosphorylation sites for these peptides straightforward. The site(s) of initial phosphorylation of a synthetic peptide with a sequence identical to that of the phosphorylation site domain (PSD) of the myristoylated alanine-rich C kinase (MARCKS) protein was then determined. Despite success in analyzing fragmentation of the smaller test peptides, a unique site on the PSD for the first step of phosphorylation could not be identified because the phosphorylation reaction produced a heterogeneous mixture of products. Some molecules were phosphorylated on the serine closest to the N-terminus, and others on one of the two serines closest to the C-terminus of the peptide. Although no definitive evidence for phosphorylation on either of the remaining two serines in the PSD was found, modification there could not be ruled out by the ECD fragmentation data.