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Controlled Clinical Trial
, 21 (6), 381-6

Volumetric Intravascular Ultrasound Imaging to Illustrate the Extent of Coronary Plaque Burden in Type 2 Diabetic Patients

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Controlled Clinical Trial

Volumetric Intravascular Ultrasound Imaging to Illustrate the Extent of Coronary Plaque Burden in Type 2 Diabetic Patients

Christoph Schukro et al. J Diabetes Complications.

Abstract

Background: Although angiography is the gold standard for coronary imaging, its efficacy in outlining diffuse coronary atherosclerosis in diabetic patients remains questionable. We aimed to compare quantitative cineangiographic analysis (QCA) with three-dimensional intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging in type 2 diabetic patients with coronary artery disease.

Methods: IVUS runs of 104 significant coronary lesions in 88 diabetic patients were performed. Arterial remodeling index was calculated as vessel area at minimal lumen area divided by mean reference vessel area.

Results: No difference between the two analysis modes was shown for lesion length and minimal lumen diameter, whereas a significant discrepancy between QCA and IVUS was found for diameter stenosis (10 +/- 9% vs. 41 +/- 8%; P<.001) and vessel diameter (3.01 +/- 0.66 vs. 4.53 +/- 0.70 mm; P<.001). A significant difference on arterial remodeling at lesion site was found between insulin-treated diabetic patients and non-insulin-treated diabetic patients (remodeling index: 0.98 +/- 0.16 vs. 1.07 +/- 0.21; P=.04).

Conclusions: Coronary angiographic diagnosis in diabetic patients may be distorted due to a large plaque burden over longer vessel segments and the resulting absence of plaque-free reference segments. This distortion was found to be more pronounced in QCA analysis requiring a reference diameter, whereas volumetric IVUS imaging illustrated coronary artery dimensions more accurately according to anatomic structures. Constrictive arterial remodeling was observed more frequently in type 2 diabetic patients treated with insulin.

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