Laser Doppler velocimetry (LDV) and 3D phase-contrast magnetic resonance angiography (PC-MRA) velocity measurements: validation in an anatomically accurate cerebral artery aneurysm model with steady flow

J Magn Reson Imaging. 2007 Dec;26(6):1493-505. doi: 10.1002/jmri.21179.


Purpose: To verify the accuracy of velocity mapping with three-dimensional (3D) phase-contrast magnetic resonance angiography (PC-MRA) for steady flow in a realistic model of a cerebral artery aneurysm at a 3T scanner.

Materials and methods: Steady flow through an original geometry model of a cerebral aneurysm was mapped at characteristic positions by state-of-the-art laser Doppler velocimetry (LDV) as well as 3D PC-MRA at 3T. The spatial distributions and local values of two velocity components obtained with these two measurement methods were compared.

Results: The 3D PC-MRA velocity field distribution and mean velocity values exhibited only minor differences to compare to the LDV measurements in straight artery regions for both main and secondary velocities. The differences increased in regions with disturbed flow and in cases where the measurement plane was not perpendicular to the main flow direction.

Conclusion: 3D PC-MRA can provide reliable measurements of velocity components of steady flow in small arteries. The accuracy of such measurements depends on the artery size and the measurement plane positioning.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Blood Flow Velocity / physiology*
  • Cerebral Angiography / methods*
  • Humans
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / physiopathology*
  • Laser-Doppler Flowmetry / methods*
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography / methods*
  • Models, Cardiovascular
  • Regression Analysis