Brucella melitensis Rev. 1 living attenuated vaccine: stability of markers, residual virulence and immunogenicity in mice

Biologicals. 1991 Oct;19(4):355-63. doi: 10.1016/s1045-1056(05)80025-9.


Five commercial Brucella melitensis Rev. 1 vaccines from different sources were compared to the original Elberg Rev. 1 strain, in vitro for classic markers and in vivo in mice, for residual virulence and immunogenicity. Because colonies of several morphology types (smooth, non-smooth) were isolated from the vaccines, representative substrains were purified to study their in vitro and in vivo activities either at once (16 strains), or after storage by subculture (12 strains) and by lyophilization (eight strains) or after passage in mice (six strains). After purification, five strains had the characteristic pattern of resistance to penicillin and streptomycin of the original strain while 11 differed by a two-fold dilution or more. A few modifications only occurred after storage or passage. Residual virulence--the time taken by 50% of the subcutaneously vaccinated mice to eradicate the strain from their spleen--or recovery time 50%, and immunogenicity--the ability of the vaccinated mice to restrict the spleen count 15 days after a virulent intraperitoneal challenge--were compared on eight strains after purification, subculture and lyophilization. After purification, one smooth strain out of five had the same activities as the original strain and three were as immunogenic but less virulent. One smooth strain and the three non-smooth were neither immunogenic nor virulent. Some strains which were typically non-smooth after purification recovered a smooth phase aspect after subculture, concomitantly with an increase in immunogenicity but not in virulence.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brucella / genetics
  • Brucella / immunology
  • Brucella / pathogenicity
  • Brucella Vaccine / immunology*
  • Brucella Vaccine / isolation & purification
  • Drug Resistance, Microbial / genetics
  • Female
  • Genetic Markers
  • Mice
  • Species Specificity
  • Vaccines, Attenuated / immunology
  • Vaccines, Attenuated / isolation & purification
  • Virulence


  • Brucella Vaccine
  • Genetic Markers
  • Vaccines, Attenuated