Background and aim: Controversy remains regarding the treatment of choice for chronic gastritis patients with dyspeptic symptoms when Helicobacter pylori eradication is not indicated or fails for their gastric lesions. A multicenter, randomized, double-blind trial was performed to compare the effectiveness of geranylgeranylacetone (GGA), a mucoprotective drug, against cimetidine (CIT), an H(2)-receptor antagonist, on the treatment of erosions and petechial hemorrhage in H. pylori-infected patients with dyspeptic symptoms.
Methods: 128 H. pylori-positive gastritis patients with mucosal erosions and/or petechial hemorrhage were randomized to receive 150 mg GGA t.i.d. or 400 mg CIT b.i.d. for 2 weeks. Improvement and cure rates on endoscopic findings, symptom disappearance rates, and changes in mucosal neutrophil infiltration were compared.
Results: Endoscopic improvement rates were significantly higher in the GGA group (n = 50) than in the CIT group (n = 54; 86.0 vs. 64.8%, p = 0.014). Endoscopic cure rates were also significantly higher for GGA than for CIT (80.0 vs. 55.6%, p = 0.012). Symptom disappearance rates were 52.0% for GGA and 42.6% for CIT, but the difference was not significant. There was also no significant difference in mucosal neutrophil infiltration between the groups.
Conclusion: GGA treatment appears to be more effective than CIT for chronic gastritis-associated erosion and petechial hemorrhage.
(c) 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel