The FGF14(F145S) mutation disrupts the interaction of FGF14 with voltage-gated Na+ channels and impairs neuronal excitability

J Neurosci. 2007 Oct 31;27(44):12033-44. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2282-07.2007.


Fibroblast growth factor 14 (FGF14) belongs to the intracellular FGF homologous factor subfamily of FGF proteins (iFGFs) that are not secreted and do not activate tyrosine kinase receptors. The iFGFs, however, have been shown to interact with the pore-forming (alpha) subunits of voltage-gated Na+ (Na(v)) channels. The neurological phenotypes seen in Fgf14-/- mice and the identification of an FGF14 missense mutation (FGF14(F145S)) in a Dutch family presenting with cognitive impairment and spinocerebellar ataxia suggest links between FGF14 and neuronal functioning. Here, we demonstrate that the expression of FGF14(F145S) reduces Na(v) alpha subunit expression at the axon initial segment, attenuates Na(v) channel currents, and reduces the excitability of hippocampal neurons. In addition, and in contrast with wild-type FGF14, FGF14(F145S) does not interact directly with Na(v) channel alpha subunits. Rather, FGF14(F145S) associates with wild-type FGF14 and disrupts the interaction between wild-type FGF14 and Na(v) alpha subunits, suggesting that the mutant FGF14(F145S) protein acts as a dominant negative, interfering with the interaction between wild-type FGF14 and Na(v) channel alpha subunits and altering neuronal excitability.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
  • Electric Stimulation / methods
  • Embryo, Mammalian
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors / genetics
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors / physiology*
  • Gene Expression Regulation / genetics
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Hippocampus / cytology
  • Humans
  • Immunoprecipitation / methods
  • Ion Channel Gating / physiology
  • Membrane Potentials / drug effects
  • Membrane Potentials / genetics
  • Membrane Potentials / radiation effects
  • Mutation / physiology*
  • Neurons / drug effects
  • Neurons / physiology*
  • Patch-Clamp Techniques / methods
  • Phenylalanine / genetics*
  • Rats
  • Serine / genetics*
  • Sodium Channel Blockers / pharmacology
  • Sodium Channels / chemistry
  • Sodium Channels / genetics
  • Sodium Channels / physiology*
  • Tetrodotoxin / pharmacology


  • Sodium Channel Blockers
  • Sodium Channels
  • fibroblast growth factor 14
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins
  • Tetrodotoxin
  • Serine
  • Phenylalanine
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors