The second evolution of ionic liquids: from solvents and separations to advanced materials--energetic examples from the ionic liquid cookbook

Acc Chem Res. 2007 Nov;40(11):1182-92. doi: 10.1021/ar7001304. Epub 2007 Nov 3.


In this Account of the small portion of the recent research in ionic liquids (ILs) by the Rogers Group, we fast forward through the first evolution of IL research, where ILs were studied for their unique set of physical properties and the resulting potential for tunable "green solvents", to the second evolution of ILs, where the tunability of the cation and anion independently offers almost unlimited access to targeted combinations of physical and chemical properties. This approach is demonstrated here with the field of energetic ionic liquids (EILs), which utilizes this design flexibility to find safe synthetic routes to ILs with high energy content and targeted physical properties.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Chemical Phenomena
  • Chemistry, Physical
  • Crystallography, X-Ray
  • Ionic Liquids / chemistry*
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Structure
  • Solvents / chemistry
  • Stereoisomerism


  • Ionic Liquids
  • Solvents