Deletion 22q11: spectrum of associated disorders

Semin Pediatr Neurol. 2007 Sep;14(3):136-9. doi: 10.1016/j.spen.2007.07.005.


Velocardiofacial syndrome, also called Shprintzen syndrome or DiGeorge sequence, is one of the most common genetic disorders in humans. Caused by a microdeletion on chromosome 22, it manifests in a remarkable variety of symptoms in multiple systems. The most frequent anomalies involve palatal function, facial features and congenital cardiac defects. In addition, learning disabilities and psychiatric issues are common. The aim of this article is to provide a concise review of the clinical characteristics of this complex disorder. Recognition of the features associated with velocardiofacial syndrome allows for an inclusive diagnosis and more comprehensive care.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Chromosome Deletion*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22 / genetics*
  • DiGeorge Syndrome / genetics*
  • DiGeorge Syndrome / pathology
  • Humans