Amphotericin B induces interdigitation of apolipoprotein stabilized nanodisk bilayers

Biochim Biophys Acta. 2008 Jan;1778(1):303-12. doi: 10.1016/j.bbamem.2007.10.005. Epub 2007 Oct 16.


Amphotericin B nanodisks (AMB-ND) are ternary complexes of AMB, phospholipid and apolipoprotein organized as discrete nanometer scale disk-shaped bilayers. In gel filtration chromatography experiments, empty ND lacking AMB elute as a single population of particles with a molecular weight in the range of 200 kDa. AMB-ND formulated at a 4:1 phospholipid:AMB weight ratio separated into two peaks. One peak eluted at the position of control ND lacking AMB while the second peak, containing all of the AMB present in the original sample, eluted in the void volume. When ND prepared with increased AMB were subjected to gel filtration chromatography an increased proportion of phospholipid and apolipoprotein was recovered in the void volume with AMB. Native gradient gel electrophoresis corroborated the gel filtration chromatography data and electron microscopy studies revealed an AMB concentration-dependent heterogeneity in ND particle size. Stability studies revealed that introduction of AMB into ND decreases the ability of apoA-I to resist denaturation. Atomic force microscopy experiments showed that AMB induces compression of ND bilayer thickness while infrared spectroscopy analysis revealed that the presence of AMB does not induce extreme lipid disorder or alter the mean angle of the molecular axis along fatty acyl chains of ND phospholipids. Taken together the results are consistent with AMB-induced bilayer interdigitation, a phenomenon that likely contributes to AMB-dependent pore formation in susceptible membranes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amphotericin B / pharmacology*
  • Apolipoproteins / metabolism*
  • Chromatography, Gel
  • Circular Dichroism
  • Guanidine / pharmacology
  • Lipid Bilayers / metabolism*
  • Microscopy, Atomic Force
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Phospholipids / metabolism
  • Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
  • Thermodynamics
  • Vibration


  • Apolipoproteins
  • Lipid Bilayers
  • Phospholipids
  • Amphotericin B
  • Guanidine