Facioscapulohumeral dystrophy

Phys Ther. 2008 Jan;88(1):105-13. doi: 10.2522/ptj.20070104. Epub 2007 Nov 6.


Facioscapulohumeral dystrophy (FSHD) is the third most common inherited muscular dystrophy after Duchenne dystrophy and myotonic dystrophy. Over the last decade, major advances have occurred in the understanding of the genetics of this disorder. Despite these advances, the exact mechanisms that lead to atrophy and weakness secondary to the genetic defect are still not understood. The purposes of this article are to increase awareness of FSHD among clinicians; to provide an update regarding the genetics, clinical features, natural history, and current management of FSHD; and to discuss opportunities for research.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Muscular Dystrophy, Facioscapulohumeral* / diagnosis
  • Muscular Dystrophy, Facioscapulohumeral* / genetics
  • Muscular Dystrophy, Facioscapulohumeral* / therapy