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. 2007 Dec;18(8):785-90.
doi: 10.1097/FBP.0b013e3282f18d8f.

N-benzylpiperazine Has Characteristics of a Drug of Abuse


N-benzylpiperazine Has Characteristics of a Drug of Abuse

Katharine A Brennan et al. Behav Pharmacol. .


The ability of benzylpiperazine (BZP) to substitute for cocaine and to initiate self-administration in drug-naive subjects was assessed to determine whether BZP has abuse liability. Further, the effects of a pretreatment with dopamine D1-like receptor antagonist (SCH23390) were examined to elucidate the mechanisms associated with BZP reward. First, the ability for BZP (0.125, 0.25 and 0.5 mg/kg/infusion) to substitute for cocaine self-administration was assessed, and the acquisition of BZP (0.5 mg/kg/infusion) self-administration by drug-naive and untrained rats was determined during a 15-day period. Subsequently, dose-effect curves for cocaine (0.06, 0.125, 0.25 or 0.5 mg/kg/infusion) and BZP self-administration (0.125, 0.25, 0.5 or 1.0 mg/kg/infusion) and the effect of SCH23390 (0.00 or 0.02 mg/kg) on BZP and cocaine self-administration were examined. BZP substituted for cocaine, and drug-naive rats rapidly acquired BZP self-administration. BZP self-administration was maintained by a more restricted range of doses than was cocaine self-administration, and responding maintained by BZP was sensitive to dopamine antagonism. The present findings indicate that BZP self-administration, like cocaine self-administration, is readily acquired and mediated by dopaminergic mechanisms.

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