Interventions in organizational and community context: a framework for building evidence on dissemination and implementation in health services research

Adm Policy Ment Health. 2008 Mar;35(1-2):21-37. doi: 10.1007/s10488-007-0144-9. Epub 2007 Nov 8.


The effective dissemination and implementation of evidence-based health interventions within community settings is an important cornerstone to expanding the availability of quality health and mental health services. Yet it has proven a challenging task for both research and community stakeholders. This paper presents the current framework developed by the UCLA/RAND NIMH Center to address this research-to-practice gap by: (1) providing a theoretically-grounded understanding of the multi-layered nature of community and healthcare contexts and the mechanisms by which new practices and programs diffuse within these settings; (2) distinguishing among key components of the diffusion process-including contextual factors, adoption, implementation, and sustainment of interventions-showing how evaluation of each is necessary to explain the course of dissemination and outcomes for individual and organizational stakeholders; (3) facilitating the identification of new strategies for adapting, disseminating, and implementing relatively complex, evidence-based healthcare and improvement interventions, particularly using a community-based, participatory approach; and (4) enhancing the ability to meaningfully generalize findings across varied interventions and settings to build an evidence base on successful dissemination and implementation strategies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Community Mental Health Centers / organization & administration*
  • Diffusion of Innovation*
  • Evidence-Based Medicine*
  • Health Services Research*
  • Humans
  • Information Dissemination*
  • United States