[Sexual child abuse: definition, prevalence and sequelae]

Z Klin Psychol Psychopathol Psychother. 1991;39(4):323-35.
[Article in German]


This review focuses on two aspects of research on sexual child abuse during the last ten years, namely prevalence and long-term effects. Differing results for prevalence (6-62% for female subjects) have been found depending on the concept of sexual child abuse (incest vs. extra-familial child sexual abuse, child sexual abuse with or without physical contact, child sexual abuse with or without violence and sexual actions between adults and children) and depending on the method, and features of the subject. Long-term effects are complex (affective, somatic, eating and sleeping disorders, dissociations, disorders in interpersonal relationships, problems in sexuality and social functioning). The main syndrome seems to be a pattern of affective disorders.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Child
  • Child Abuse, Sexual / diagnosis
  • Child Abuse, Sexual / prevention & control
  • Child Abuse, Sexual / psychology*
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Incest / prevention & control
  • Incest / psychology*
  • Personality Development