Carbohydrates and cancer: an overview of the epidemiological evidence

Eur J Clin Nutr. 2007 Dec;61 Suppl 1:S112-21. doi: 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602941.

Abstract

Objective: To assess the epidemiological evidence on dietary carbohydrates and the risk of developing cancer.

Method: Review of published studies, concentrating on recent systematic reviews, meta-analyses and large prospective studies.

Conclusions: Carbohydrates have not been intensively investigated in epidemiological studies of diet and cancer. There is a moderately large amount of data on the possible association between dietary fibre and the risk for colorectal cancer; the results of studies have varied and no firm conclusion can be drawn, but the available data suggest that high intakes of dietary fibre possibly reduce the risk for colorectal cancer. There are also limited data which suggest that high intakes of sucrose might increase the risk for colorectal cancer and that high intakes of lactose might increase the risk for ovarian cancer. For other components of carbohydrates and other types of cancer, the available data are too sparse to draw even tentative conclusions. Further research is needed on the possible associations of carbohydrates with cancer risk.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Breast Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Breast Neoplasms / etiology
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / etiology
  • Diet*
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage*
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / metabolism*
  • Dietary Fiber / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Fiber / metabolism
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neoplasms / epidemiology*
  • Neoplasms / etiology*
  • Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / etiology
  • Risk Factors

Substances

  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Dietary Fiber