Chemistry of deep-fat frying oils

J Food Sci. 2007 Jun;72(5):R77-86. doi: 10.1111/j.1750-3841.2007.00352.x.

Abstract

Deep-fat frying produces desirable or undesirable flavor compounds and changes the flavor stability and quality of the oil by hydrolysis, oxidation, and polymerization. Tocopherols, essential amino acids, and fatty acids in foods are degraded during deep-fat frying. The reactions in deep-fat frying depend on factors such as replenishment of fresh oil, frying conditions, original quality of frying oil, food materials, type of fryer, antioxidants, and oxygen concentration. High frying temperature, the number of fryings, the contents of free fatty acids, polyvalent metals, and unsaturated fatty acids of oil decrease the oxidative stability and flavor quality of oil. Antioxidant decreases the frying oil oxidation, but the effectiveness of antioxidant decreases with high frying temperature. Lignan compounds in sesame oil are effective antioxidants in deep-fat frying.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antioxidants / chemistry*
  • Consumer Behavior
  • Consumer Product Safety
  • Cooking
  • Dietary Fats, Unsaturated / analysis
  • Dietary Fats, Unsaturated / standards
  • Fats, Unsaturated / analysis
  • Fats, Unsaturated / chemistry*
  • Fats, Unsaturated / standards
  • Food Analysis*
  • Food Handling / methods*
  • Hot Temperature* / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Surface Properties
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Antioxidants
  • Dietary Fats, Unsaturated
  • Fats, Unsaturated