Background: Follicular bronchiolitis is a histopathologic finding that occurs in diverse clinical contexts. The current study was conducted to characterize clinico-radiologic features, and assess outcomes associated with follicular bronchiolitis.
Subjects and methods: Twelve subjects with follicular bronchiolitis on lung biopsy were seen over a 9-year period, between 1996 and 2005. Medical records, biopsy and radiographic findings, and details of outcome at the time of last follow-up were recorded.
Results: The study population included 4 men and 8 women; the median age at diagnosis was 54 years (range, 33-81 years). Four patients had underlying systemic diseases that included: 2 with common variable immunodeficiency, 1 Sjögren's syndrome and 1 undifferentiated connective tissue disease. The diagnosis was obtained by surgical lung biopsy in all cases. Follicular bronchiolitis was the major histologic pattern in 9 patients; organizing pneumonia, nonspecific interstitial pneumonia and usual interstitial pneumonia was seen in 1 patient each with follicular bronchiolitis being an associated secondary histopathologic component. Computed tomographic findings included reticular opacities, small nodules and ground-glass opacities. Clinical course was characterized by relative stability with partial response to immunosuppressive agents. During a median follow-up period of 47 months, only one death occurred--out of 9 patients where the outcome information was available--and was unrelated to lung disease.
Conclusions: The histologic lesion of follicular bronchiolitis may be seen as the predominant finding or a relatively minor feature in interstitial pneumonias. The clinical course and prognosis for most patients with follicular bronchiolitis is relatively good, and progressive lung disease is uncommon.