Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium) is a small grass with biological attributes (rapid generation time, small genome, diploid accessions, small stature and simple growth requirements) that make it suitable for use as a model system. In addition, a growing list of genomic resources have been developed or are currently under development including: cDNA libraries, BAC libraries, EST sequences, BAC end sequences, a physical map, genetic markers, a linkage map and, most importantly, the complete genome sequence. To maximize the utility of Brachypodium as a model grass it is necessary to develop an efficient Agrobacterium-mediated transformation system. In this report we describe the identification of a transformable inbred diploid line, Bd21-3, and the development of a transformation method with transformation efficiencies as high as 41% of co-cultivated calluses producing transgenic plants. Conducting the co-cultivation step under desiccating conditions produced the greatest improvement in transformation efficiency.