A cytosolic form of LC3 is conjugated to phosphatidylethanolamine by Atg7, an E1-like enzyme, and Atg3, an E2-like enzyme, during autophagy. To monitor intracellular autophagosomes and autolysosomes, GFP-LC3 is a useful tool. However, GFP-LC3 can aggregate without being conjugated to phosphatidylethanolamine, especially when GFP-LC3 is transiently expressed (Kuma A, Matsui M, Mizushima N. Autophagy 2007; 3:323-8). Therefore, as a negative control, we investigated a mutant human LC3DeltaG protein in which the C-terminal Gly(120) essential for LC3-lipidation is deleted, and generated a set of expression plasmids for wild-type human LC3 and mutant LC3DeltaG fused to either CFP, GFP, YFP, or HcRed at the N terminus. We found that the mutant LC3DeltaG protein does not react with human Atg7 and Atg3, indicating that LC3-lipidation does not occur, and few puncta containing mutant LC3DeltaG form under starvation conditions. As observed with wildtype HcRed-LC3, mutant HcRed-LC3DeltaG also co-localizes with polyQ150-aggregates suggesting that the colocalization of HcRed- LC3 to polyQ150-aggregates is independent of LC3-lipidation. These mutant LC3DeltaG proteins will be useful negative controls in recognizing non-specific fluorescent protein-LC3 aggregates.