Acute alcohol intoxication potentiates neutrophil-mediated intestinal tissue damage after burn injury

Shock. 2008 Mar;29(3):377-83. doi: 10.1097/shk.0b013e31815abe80.

Abstract

This study examined whether acute alcohol (EtOH) intoxication before burn injury potentiates postburn intestinal tissue damage and whether neutrophils have any role in the damage under those conditions. Male rats ( approximately 250 g) were gavaged with EtOH to achieve a blood EtOH level of approximately 100 mg/dL or with saline and received either approximately 12.5% or approximately 25% total body surface area (TBSA) burn or sham injury. Rats were killed at 4 or 24 h after injury, and various parameters were measured. As compared with sham animals, burn injury alone (regardless of size) resulted in a significant increase in intestinal tissue myeloperoxidase (MPO; an index of neutrophil infiltration) activity and IL-18 levels 4 h after injury. Furthermore, rats receiving 25% TBSA, but not 12.5%, burn exhibited intestine edema. The IL-18 and MPO activity were normalized at 24 h after injury in rats receiving 12.5% TBSA burn, whereas these parameters remained elevated at 24 h in rats with 25% burn. The presence of EtOH in rats at the time of burn injury exacerbated the levels of IL-18, MPO activity, and edema at 4 and 24 h after burn injury. Treatment of rats with anti-IL-18 antibodies or with antineutrophil antiserum prevented the increase in the above parameters after EtOH and burn injury, except that the depletion of neutrophils did not prevent the IL-18 increase. In summary, these findings suggest that acute EtOH intoxication exacerbates postburn intestinal tissue damage after burn injury, and that it is, in part, neutrophil mediated.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Alcoholic Intoxication / complications*
  • Alcoholic Intoxication / pathology*
  • Alcoholic Intoxication / physiopathology
  • Animals
  • Antibodies / administration & dosage
  • Burns / complications*
  • Burns / pathology*
  • Burns / physiopathology
  • Edema / physiopathology
  • Interleukin-18 / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Interleukin-18 / immunology
  • Interleukin-18 / metabolism
  • Intestines / pathology*
  • Intestines / physiopathology
  • Male
  • Neutrophils / pathology*
  • Neutrophils / physiology
  • Permeability
  • Peroxidase / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley

Substances

  • Antibodies
  • Interleukin-18
  • Peroxidase