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, 2007, 6456-9

Fractal Analysis of the Retinal Vascular Network in Fundus Images

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Fractal Analysis of the Retinal Vascular Network in Fundus Images

T J Macgillivray et al. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc.

Abstract

Complexity of the retinal vascular network is quantified through the measurement of fractal dimension. A computerized approach enhances and segments the retinal vasculature in digital fundus images with an accuracy of 94% in comparison to the gold standard of manual tracing. Fractal analysis was performed on skeletonized versions of the network in 40 images from a study of stroke. Mean fractal dimension was found to be 1.398 (with standard deviation 0.024) from 20 images of the hypertensives sub-group and 1.408 (with standard deviation 0.025) from 18 images of the non-hypertensives subgroup. No evidence of a significant difference in the results was found for this sample size. However, statistical analysis showed that to detect a significant difference at the level seen in the data would require a larger sample size of 88 per group.

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