Liddle's syndrome is an autosomal dominant form of human hypertension, caused by gain-of-function mutations of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) which is expressed in aldosterone target tissues including the distal colon. We used a mouse model for Liddle's syndrome to investigate ENaC-mediated Na+ transport in late distal colon by measuring the amiloride-sensitive transepithelial short circuit current (Delta I SC-Ami) ex vivo. In Liddle mice maintained on a standard salt diet, Delta I SC-Ami was only slightly increased but plasma aldosterone (P Aldo) was severely suppressed. Liddle mice responded to a low or a high salt diet by increasing or decreasing, respectively, their P Aldo and Delta I SC-Ami. However, less aldosterone was required in Liddle animals to achieve similar or even higher Na+ transport rates than wild-type animals. Indeed, the ability of aldosterone to stimulate Delta I SC-Ami was about threefold higher in Liddle animals than in the wild-type controls. Application of aldosterone to colon tissue in vitro confirmed that ENaC stimulation by aldosterone was not only preserved but enhanced in Liddle mice. Aldosterone-induced transcriptional up-regulation of the channel's beta- and gamma-subunit (beta ENaC and gamma ENaC) and of the serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 1 (SGK1) was similar in colon tissue from Liddle and wild-type animals, while aldosterone had no transcriptional effect on the alpha-subunit (alpha ENaC). Moreover, Na+ feedback regulation was largely preserved in colon tissue of Liddle animals. In conclusion, we have demonstrated that in the colon of Liddle mice, ENaC-mediated Na+ transport is enhanced with an increased responsiveness to aldosterone. This may be pathophysiologically relevant in patients with Liddle's syndrome, in particular on a high salt diet, when suppression of P Aldo is likely to be insufficient to reduce Na+ absorption to an appropriate level.