Motivation and adult learning: a survey among hospital personnel attending a CPR course

Resuscitation. 2008 Mar;76(3):425-30. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2007.09.011. Epub 2007 Nov 26.


Aim of the study: A massive cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training programme is continued in most hospitals to make hospital personnel ready to take action in cases of cardiac arrest. Motivated course participants learn more and perform better than unmotivated course participants. This study investigates whether hospital personnel are motivated to participate in CPR courses and whether motivation correlates with important assumptions in adult learning.

Materials and methods: A survey measuring learning motivation via the MSLQ instrument was performed among 361 hospital personnel before attending a CPR course. Assumptions of adult learning were identified and data were analysed in relation to these assumptions.

Results: Hospital personnel are generally motivated for learning CPR. Respondents who had been prepared for the course, who had participated in the decision about attending the course, who were working in high-risk area for cardiac arrest or were nursing personnel working in long-time close contact with patients were more motivated to CPR training than other hospital personnel. It seems like motivation correlates with adult learning assumptions such as the learners need to know, the learners self-concept, readiness to learn and orientation to learning.

Conclusion: This study supports the assumption that CPR training should be based on an adult learning model. As preparedness, participation, readiness and relevance seem to be key factors, we may want to include these factors when training hospital personnel in CPR skills.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation / education*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Learning
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motivation*
  • Norway
  • Personnel, Hospital*
  • Self Concept
  • Self Efficacy
  • Surveys and Questionnaires