[Changes in antibiotic consumption among day-care children in Oslo]

Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2007 Nov 15;127(22):2924-6.
[Article in Norwegian]

Abstract

Background: Day-care children in Oslo had a high proportion of infections (97 %) and a high consumption of antibiotics (65 %) in 2000. The study from 2000 was repeated in 2006 to see if prescriptions for antibiotics had changed.

Material and methods: Parents in 22 randomly chosen day-care centres in Oslo answered a questionnaire about their children (concerning infections, contact with physicians and antibiotic treatment).

Results: 605 parents (53 %) participated. The proportion of children treated for infections was reduced from 65 % (95 % confidence interval 61 - 69 %) in 2006 to 50 (46 - 54) % in 2000 and infections treated were reduced from 29 (26 - 32) % to 20 (17 - 23) %. Ear infections were treated in 62 % of the children in 2006 (75 % in 2000) and throat infections in 53 % (85 % in 2000) of the cases. Medical consultations resulted in prescription in 50 % of the cases in 2006 and 80 % in 2000.

Interpretation: Day-care children in Oslo used significantly less antibiotics and had significantly fewer medical consultations in 2006 than in 2000.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / adverse effects
  • Bacterial Infections / drug therapy
  • Bacterial Infections / epidemiology
  • Child Day Care Centers*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Drug Prescriptions* / statistics & numerical data
  • Drug Resistance, Bacterial
  • Drug Utilization* / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Parents
  • Surveys and Questionnaires

Substances

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents