Intraocular tuberculosis--an update

Surv Ophthalmol. 2007 Nov-Dec;52(6):561-87. doi: 10.1016/j.survophthal.2007.08.015.


The lack of any uniform diagnostic criteria for intraocular tuberculosis, in either immunocompetent or immunocompromised individuals, has contributed to the confusion regarding diagnosis and management. However, recent studies addressing the clinical significance of purified protein derivative test results, computerized tomography of the chest, and molecular diagnostic procedures have provided a new approach to establishing the diagnosis of ocular tuberculosis. The current review focuses on the diagnostic modalities used for the clinical management of intraocular tuberculosis, with the emphasis on diagnostic criteria, various clinical features, and treatments recommended in recent publications. Furthermore, the current review addresses the diagnostic criteria for intraocular tuberculosis, the spectrum of tuberculosis in patients with AIDS and in those on anti-tumor necrosis factor agents, and management of drug-resistant tuberculosis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antitubercular Agents / therapeutic use
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Diagnostic Techniques, Ophthalmological
  • Global Health
  • Humans
  • Immunosuppressive Agents / therapeutic use
  • Morbidity / trends
  • Prognosis
  • Tuberculosis, Ocular* / diagnosis
  • Tuberculosis, Ocular* / epidemiology
  • Tuberculosis, Ocular* / therapy
  • Vitrectomy


  • Antitubercular Agents
  • Immunosuppressive Agents