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Comparative Study
, 37 (12), 1042-6

Factors Affecting Mortality and Morbidity After Traumatic Diaphragmatic Injury

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Comparative Study

Factors Affecting Mortality and Morbidity After Traumatic Diaphragmatic Injury

Halil Ozgüç et al. Surg Today.

Abstract

Purpose: We review our 11-year experience of treating diaphragmatic injury (DI), to identify the factors determining mortality and morbidity.

Methods: We analyzed the effects of demographic characteristics, type of injury (blunt or penetrating), number of injured organs, injury severity score (ISS), revised trauma score (RTS), Glasgow coma score, and intensive care unit and hospital stay, on complications and mortality, in 51 patients treated for DI between January 1995 and December 2005.

Results: Twenty-six (51%) patients suffered blunt injury and 25 (49%) suffered penetrating injury. The left diaphragm was injured in 40 (78%) patients, the right in 10 (19%), and both sides in 1 (2%). Only three (5.8%) patients had no concomitant injury. The diagnosis was made by the findings of laparotomy on 34 patients (65%), preoperative chest X-ray on 13 (25%), computed tomography on 2 (3.9%), and laparoscopy on 2 (3.9%). Complications developed in 23 (44%) patients and overall mortality was 19.6% (10/51). An ISS > 13 was found to be an independent prognostic factor for morbidity, whereas an RTS < or = 11, age > or = 48 years, and a major postoperative complication were independent prognostic factors for mortality.

Conclusion: Establishing a preoperative diagnosis of DI is still problematic. Aggressive treatment and close monitoring of patients with an ISS > 13, an RTS < or = 11, an age > or = 48 years, or a postoperative complication may decrease morbidity and mortality.

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