Apoptosis in pulmonary fibrosis: too much or not enough?

Antioxid Redox Signal. 2008 Feb;10(2):379-85. doi: 10.1089/ars.2007.1907.


Apoptosis plays an important role in both normal lung homeostasis and lung remodeling associated with fibrotic lung disease. Whether apoptosis promotes or inhibits the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis depends upon the cell type involved and the microenvironment of the affected lung. Undue cell loss in the alveolar epithelium may be important early in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) progression, while reduced fibroblast and myofibroblast apoptosis has been associated with the formation of fibrotic lesions. As such, novel therapies based on the stimulation or inhibition of apoptosis may prove beneficial to the treatment of patients with IPF.

Publication types

  • News
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Apoptosis*
  • Humans
  • Mitochondria / physiology
  • Models, Biological
  • Oxidative Stress*
  • Pulmonary Fibrosis / pathology*
  • Pulmonary Fibrosis / physiopathology*
  • Signal Transduction