Smokers report more psoriasis, but not atopic dermatitis or hand eczema: results from a Norwegian population survey among adults

Dermatology. 2008;216(1):40-5. doi: 10.1159/000109357.


Background: Many reports indicate that skin diseases are affected by lifestyle factors.

Objective: To examine the relationship between reported skin diagnoses, smoking and alcohol consumption in an urban population.

Methods: Cross-sectional questionnaire-based health study among 18,747 adults in Oslo.

Results: For current smokers, odds ratio for reporting psoriasis was 1.49 (95% CI 1.11-2.00) for males, and 1.48 (95% CI 1.15-1.91) for females, as compared to never smokers. There was no association between reported atopic dermatitis or hand eczema and smoking. High consumption of cigarettes was associated with an increased reporting of psoriasis in men, but not women. Reporting drinking alcohol 4-7 times per week was crudely associated with reporting psoriasis in men, but not in the adjusted model.

Conclusion: Cigarette smoking was associated with reported psoriasis, but not with atopic dermatitis or hand eczema.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Dermatitis, Atopic / epidemiology
  • Dermatitis, Atopic / etiology
  • Female
  • Hand Dermatoses / epidemiology
  • Hand Dermatoses / etiology
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Norway / epidemiology
  • Odds Ratio
  • Psoriasis / epidemiology
  • Psoriasis / etiology*
  • Sex Factors
  • Skin Diseases / epidemiology
  • Skin Diseases / etiology*
  • Smoking / adverse effects*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Urban Population