Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor but not angiotensin receptor blockade or statin ameliorates murine adriamycin nephropathy

Kidney Int. 2008 Feb;73(3):288-99. doi: 10.1038/ Epub 2007 Nov 21.


Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers, and statins have renoprotective effects. We studied the cellular mechanisms for this effect in adriamycin-treated mice receiving captopril, losartan, simvastatin, or their combinations. The mice developed albuminuria, renal insufficiency, and parenchymal inflammation/fibrosis accompanied by overexpression of intrarenal converting enzyme and angiotensin II. Only captopril consistently improved these abnormalities and reduced the cortical expression of several proinflammatory and profibrotic factors including transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta). These effects were independent of blood pressure, accompanied by increased urine N-acetylseryl-aspartyl-lysyl-proline (Ac-SDKP) levels, and the restoration of renal angiotensin-converting enzyme and angiotensin II to baseline levels. Losartan or simvastatin alone or together had no effect, and their addition to captopril did not enhance protection. In vitro, angiotensin II stimulated TGF-beta in renal tubular cells via mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling. Captopril or Ac-SDKP suppressed angiotensin II-induced MAPK activation and TGF-beta secretion. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition confers renoprotection in adriamycin nephropathy by reducing intrarenal angiotensin II and augmenting Ac-SDKP expression that together attenuate MAPK signaling and its downstream proinflammatory and fibrogenic properties. The addition of receptor blocker and/or statin failed to potentiate such effects.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Angiotensin II / metabolism
  • Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers / pharmacology
  • Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers / therapeutic use*
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors / therapeutic use*
  • Animals
  • Cell Proliferation / drug effects
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chemokine CCL2 / metabolism
  • Collagen Type I / metabolism
  • Doxorubicin / adverse effects
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Epithelial Cells / drug effects
  • Glomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental / drug therapy*
  • Glomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental / metabolism
  • Glomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental / pathology
  • Humans
  • Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors / therapeutic use*
  • Kidney / drug effects*
  • Kidney / immunology
  • Kidney / metabolism
  • Kidney / pathology
  • Macrophages / drug effects
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A / metabolism
  • Phenotype
  • Placenta Growth Factor
  • Pregnancy Proteins / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction / drug effects
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta / metabolism


  • Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Ccl2 protein, mouse
  • Chemokine CCL2
  • Collagen Type I
  • Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
  • PGF protein, human
  • Pgf protein, mouse
  • Pregnancy Proteins
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta
  • Angiotensin II
  • Placenta Growth Factor
  • Doxorubicin
  • Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A