The incidence and prevalence of amblyopia detected in childhood

Public Health. 1991 Nov;105(6):455-62. doi: 10.1016/s0033-3506(05)80616-x.


We present incidence estimates for amblyopia using data from a study of a cohort of 364 children from a single English county who were referred during 1983 for occlusion therapy. Using a criterion of a visual acuity of 6/12 or worse to define amblyopia, we estimate that 3.0% of the county's children develop the condition. Successful treatment of some of these children means that 1.9% will remain amblyopic as adults.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Age Factors
  • Amblyopia / epidemiology*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cohort Studies
  • England / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Prevalence
  • Time Factors