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, 129 (50), 15684-9

Using Ferroelectric Poling to Change Adsorption on Oxide Surfaces

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Using Ferroelectric Poling to Change Adsorption on Oxide Surfaces

Yang Yun et al. J Am Chem Soc.

Abstract

Adsorption has been invoked to explain many phenomena in ferroelectric materials including the unanticipated stability of ultrathin ferroelectric films; however, the intrinsic surface properties of ferroelectric oxides have been largely unexplored. Therefore, the effect of ferroelectric poling on the adsorption/desorption of two polar molecules, acetic acid and 2-propanol, and one nonpolar molecule, dodecane, on LiNbO3(0001) was compared. The two polar molecules were found to adsorb significantly more strongly on the positive surface. Temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) data yielded desorption pre-exponentials of the two polar molecules more than 11 orders of magnitude lower than expected. Ferroelectric materials are also intrinsically pyroelectric, and it is shown that the unusually low desorption pre-exponentials can be explained by temperature dependent heats of adsorption that result from changes in the surface dipole as the samples are heated. This conclusion was supported by dodecane adsorption/desorption, which was independent of polarity with normal desorption pre-exponentials. The differences between the polar and nonpolar molecules indicate that interactions between polar molecules and ferroelectric surfaces are dominated by electrostatics. It is shown that adsorption energy differences between positive and negative surfaces are large enough to switch the polarity of ferroelectric thin films.

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