Transferring to insulin detemir from NPH insulin or insulin glargine in type 2 diabetes patients on basal-only therapy with oral antidiabetic drugs improves glycaemic control and reduces weight gain and risk of hypoglycaemia: 14-week follow-up data from PREDICTIVE

Diabetes Obes Metab. 2008 Jan;10(1):75-81. doi: 10.1111/j.1463-1326.2007.00816.x. Epub 2007 Nov 22.

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of insulin detemir in type 2 diabetes patients previously receiving NPH insulin (NPH group, n = 175) or insulin glargine (glargine group, n = 118) in combination with oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs).

Methods: Patients were transferred to insulin detemir, while the OAD regimen and number of injections remained the same. The incidence of serious adverse drug reactions, including major hypoglycaemia, and haemoglobin A(1c) (HbA(1c)), fasting glucose, within-patient fasting glucose variability and body weight change were measured at 14 weeks.

Results: Glycaemic control improved in both NPH (HbA(1c) = -0.2%, p < 0.05; fasting glucose -1.0 mmol/l, p < 0.0001) and glargine (HbA(1c) = -0.6%, p < 0.0001; fasting glucose -1.4 mmol/l, p < 0.0001) groups, including a reduction in fasting glucose variability (p < 0.01 for both). The incidence of total and nocturnal hypoglycaemia was reduced in both NPH and glargine groups. The incidence of major hypoglycaemia was low and did not change significantly during the follow-up period. Mean body weight was significantly reduced in the NPH (-0.7 kg, p < 0.01) and glargine (-0.5 kg, p < 0.05) groups.

Conclusions: These results indicate that in type 2 diabetes, transferring from other basal insulins to insulin detemir in combination with OADs was associated with improvements in glycaemic control, which were accompanied by a reduced risk of hypoglycaemia and a reduction in body weight.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Blood Glucose / analysis
  • Blood Glucose / drug effects
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / drug therapy*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / metabolism
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Female
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A / analysis
  • Humans
  • Hypoglycemia / prevention & control
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Insulin / analogs & derivatives*
  • Insulin / metabolism
  • Insulin / therapeutic use
  • Insulin Detemir
  • Insulin Glargine
  • Insulin, Long-Acting
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Weight Gain

Substances

  • Blood Glucose
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Insulin
  • Insulin, Long-Acting
  • Insulin Glargine
  • Insulin Detemir