Background: There are limited data on the prevalence and the clinical and echocardiographic correlates of pure valvular regurgitation in African Americans despite the higher rates of cardiovascular disease in this group.
Purpose: The Jackson, Mississippi, site of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study provides a unique opportunity to study mitral regurgitation (MR), tricuspid regurgitation (TR), and aortic regurgitation (AR) in this population.
Methods: There were 2285 participants who were available for analysis. The prevalence rates of MR, TR, and AR by severity were calculated for participants aged 50 to 59, 60 to 69, and > or = 70 years. Multivariable regression analyses were conducted to determine clinical and echo variables associated with the presence of MR, TR, and AR.
Results: Mild or greater MR and TR were present in 14.7% and 17.2% of participants, respectively. Aortic regurgitation was present in 15.6% of participants. In the multivariable regression model, MR was independently associated with age, sex, lower body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure, left atrial size, left ventricular (LV) diastolic diameter, and low LV ejection fraction. Tricuspid regurgitation was independently associated with age, sex, lower BMI, high-density lipid, left atrial size, and lower relative wall thickness. Aortic regurgitation was independently associated with age, sex, lower BMI, systolic blood pressure, LV diastolic diameter, LV hypertrophy, and low LV ejection fraction.
Conclusion: In this middle-aged African Americans cohort, the prevalence of mild to greater MR and TR was similar to that seen in other cohorts; however, AR was more prevalent. Several cardiovascular risk factors and echo parameters were identified as independent correlates of valvular regurgitation.